Lupus pathology

Discoid lupus erythematosus pathology DermNet N

  1. Histology of discoid lupus erythematosus In DLE, sections reveal the dermis contains a perivascular and periadnexal lymphohistiocytic infiltrate under an interface dermatitis (figure 1). The epidermal interface activity shows degeneration of the basal layer, apoptotic keratinocytes and a marked thickening of the basement membrane (figures 2, 3)
  2. 19 year old man with lupus panniculitis (Medicine (Baltimore) 2016;95:e3429) 35 year old man with ankylosing spondylitis and discoid lupus erythematosus (North Clin Istanb 2019;6:412) 40 year old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip and discoid lupus erythematosus (Our Dermatol Online 2019;10:376) 54 year old woman with oral sarcoid granuloma associated with discoid lupus.
  3. The cutaneous pathology of lupus erythematosus: a review The presentation of lupus erythematosus (LE) ranges from a skin rash unaccompanied by extracutaneous stigmata to a rapidly progressive lethal multiorgan disease. The diagnosis and subclassification is traditionally based on the correlation of serological and clinical findings
  4. Pathophysiology of lupus is currently being studied in all areas of the disease and many believe it could be a way to abolish the disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its own healthy tissue
  5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is the most common type of lupus. SLE is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks its own tissues, causing widespread inflammation and tissue damage in the affected organs. It can affect the joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys, and blood vessels
  6. Lupus is a disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems — including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs
Pathology Outlines - Dermatomyositis

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE) is a diverse group of autoimmune connective tissue disorders localised to the skin that can be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to varying degrees. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is classified as Lupus erythematosus, also called lupus, an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation in various parts of the body. Three main types of lupus are recognized—discoid, drug-induced, and systemic

Tender, indurated and erythematous plaques and nodules Overlying skin occasionally shows features of discoid lupus (scaling, plugged follicles, scarring and atrophy) Lesions may spontaneously regress and recur Occasional severe lipoatrophy with resolution of lesion Lupus arthritis causes pain, stiffness, swelling, tenderness and warmth in your joints. The joints most often affected are the ones farthest from the middle of the body, such as fingers, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles and toes. General stiffness upon awakening, which gradually improves as the day goes on, is a key feature of lupus arthritis Lupus nephritis pathology prediction with clinical indices Effective treatment of lupus nephritis and assessment of patient prognosis depend on accurate pathological classification and careful use of acute and chronic pathological indices. Renal biopsy can provide most reliable predicting power

Systemic lupus erythematosus is one of a few diseases that have earned the name the great imitator. It is a chronic, systemic illness with many, many possible symptoms in many different organ systems, and widely varying disease courses in different patients Diagnosing lupus is difficult because signs and symptoms vary considerably from person to person. Signs and symptoms of lupus may change over time and overlap with those of many other disorders. No one test can diagnose lupus. The combination of blood and urine tests, signs and symptoms, and physical examination findings leads to the diagnosis lupus pathology. ISN/RPS classification. Introduction. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by a female predominance and frequent development of glomerulnephritis. 1 Renal involvement in SLE remains the strongest predictor of overall patient morbidity and mortality See: Lupus erythematosus. SLE can have a variety of skin manifestations: Vacuolar interface dermatitis (lupus erythematosus) - classic finding. Panniculitis. Bullae (bullous systemic lupus erythematosus). Deep and superficial dermal, lymphocyte predominant, inflammation. Pancreas. Pancreatitis. Kidney diseas

7 Things to Know About Lupus | For Better | US News

Pathology Outlines - Chronic cutaneous lupu

The main purpose of this Manual is to provide useful guidelines for the selection of pathology tests and to facilitate interpretation of results. Lupus band test - skin, may be useful to differentiate between discoid and systemic lupus . See under Cold related disorders. Renal. Glomerulonephritis Neurologic manifestations are among the features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a multisystem autoimmune connective tissue disorder with various clinical presentations. SLE affects many organ systems, including the central and peripheral nervous systems and muscles

Learn and reinforce your understanding of Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): Pathology review through video. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): Pathology review - Osmosis is an efficient, enjoyable, and social way to learn. Sign up for an account today! Don't study it, Osmose it Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic disease with many manifestations. SLE is an autoimmune disease in which the body's own immune system is directed against the body's The etiology of SLE is not known LUPUS NEPHRITIS Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is a multisystemic disease in which there is production of autoantibodies and immune complexes formation. The antibodies can be directed against many nuclear antigens (ANAs), including DNA, nuclear ARN, and proteins; or against cytoplasmic or cellular membrane antigens COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) ANTIBODY TOTAL (IgG+IgM) View Details. Serology. INR 850. Add to cart. Book Now

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a syndrome characterized by organ damage that results from the deposition of immune complexes. The immune complexes form when autoantibodies are made against the nucleic acids and protein constituents of the nucleus of cells Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by antibodies to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens, multisystem inflammation, protean clinical manifestations, and a.. Lupus Panniculitis (Lupus Profundus) Lupus panniculitis affects the subcutaneous fat. The typical presentation is of one or two deep indurated nodules or plaques involving the arms, face, buttocks, chest, and, less frequently, the abdomen, back, and neck ( Figure 41.10 ). Generalized lupus panniculitis has been described in patients with C2 or. Discoid lupus (discoid lupus erythematosus) is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting the skin. It gets its name from the coin-shaped lesions it produces. This condition causes a severe rash that. Introduction. Lupus erythematosus (LE) is a chronic multiorgan autoimmune disease with a spectrum of clinical and serological presentations.1-3 The major target organs are the joints, skin, kidneys, lungs, and the nervous and serous systems, with ANA as the frequent hallmark antibody.1 2 4 At any point during the disease course of SLE, dermatological findings may be found in over 80% of.

The Pathology of T Cells in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Anselm Mak 1,2 and Nien Yee Kow2. 1Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University Medicine Cluster, 1E Kent Ridge Road, Level 10, NUHS Tower Block, Singapore Clinical presentation. Patients with abdominal or gastrointestinal involvement by systemic lupus erythematosus may have a variety of presentations including abdominal pain, diarrhea, dysphagia, anorexia, ascites, oral ulcers, gastrointestinal bleeding and malnutrition depending on the organs involved and duration of involvement.. Pathology. Systemic lupus erythematosus may affect any part of. Complement and Lupus Nephritis. Complement is a component of the innate immune response that aids in opsonizing immune complexes for degradation by effector immune cells [].As lupus nephritis is characterized by renal deposition of these immune complexes, complement is believed to play a significant role in its pathogenesis [3-5].There are three complement pathways: the classical pathway. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune connective tissue disorder, with a heterogeneous presentation. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an immune-mediated systemic disease associated with diverse abnormalities of the skin, kidney, and haematological and musculoskeletal systems. The general symptoms are not specific Lupus: a short summary. Sep 29, 2009. Systemic lupus erythematosus is one of a few diseases that have earned the name the great imitator.. It is a chronic, systemic illness with many, many possible symptoms in many different organ systems, and widely varying disease courses in different patients

The cutaneous pathology of lupus erythematosus: a revie

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disorder which primarily affects women (10:1 female to male ratio), may affect virtually any organ.1 Predominant manifestations include non-deforming arthritis, serositis, photosensitivity, renal, haematological, and central nervous system involvement. Various laboratory abnormalities have been described in SLE, most commonly high titre. Lupus and some lupus medicines can cause hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver. Most people with hepatitis don't notice any symptoms, but symptoms can include: Fatigue (feeling tired) Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes) Nausea and vomiting; Learn more about how lupus affects the liver Abstract. This chapter presents an introduction to the pathology of lupus nephritis, including a basic understanding of techniques (light and electron microscopy and immunomicroscopy) used to evaluate renal biopsies, and common lesions and patterns of injury associated with immune complex deposition in glomeruli, tubulointerstitium, and vessels SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS. LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS : The hallmark of SLE is the production of autoantibodies against nuclear and few cytoplasmic components that are neither organ or species specific. Four categories: • Antibodies to DNA • Antibodies to histones • Antibodies to non-histone proteins bound to RN

Pathophysiology of Lupus (Pathophysiology of SLE

Pathology. The histological findings of lupus myocarditis are non-specific and resemble other forms of myocarditis, including viral induced myocarditis. There is a perivascular and interstitial infiltrate of mononuclear cells (lymphocytes, plasma cells, macrophages) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Laurence Marguerite Morel, PhD. Phone: 352.372.3790. Email: morel@ufl.edu University of Florida Pathology Laboratories 4800 SW 35th Drive Gainesville, FL 32608 888.375.LABS or 352.265.9900. For those affected with lupus dermatitis, the skin is the most common body part affected.The symptoms associated with SLE dermatitis vary depending on your type and degree of the disease. These symptoms include rashes and blisters on the skins as well as itching and scarring. When the rashes evolve, the skin might swell and result in more symptoms

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by antibodies to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens, multisystem inflammation, protean clinical manifestations, and a relapsing and remitting course. More than 90% of cases of SLE occur in women, frequently starting at childbearing age. See the image below From Libre Pathology. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Systemic lupus erythematosus lymphadenopathy. Diagnosis in short. Systemic lupus erythematosus lymphadenopathy. H&E stain. LM. lymph node with necrosis, hematoxylin bodies (in necrotic foci) LM DDx Skin lupus, is an autoimmune skin disease that occurs when your immune system attacks healthy skin cells by mistake and damages your skin. This can cause redness, itching, pain and eventual scarring of the skin. Lupus of the skin can occur by itself or manifest as a part of systemic lupus erythematosus — the most serious type of lupus that. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with varied natural history and multisystemic involvement. The pathogenesis is multifactorial and complex precipitating the formation of autoantibodies. One of the main factors in SLE is the interaction between environmental triggers and genetic factors. Genome-wide association study technology has led to the identification of. Lupus mastitis is an uncommon presentation of lupus erythematosus profundus or lupus panniculitis, a rare variant of lupus erythematosus characterized by inflammation of the subcutaneous fat. Lupus mastitis can present as single or multiple subcutaneous or deep breast masses, often clinically mimicking malignancy

Systemic lupus erythematosus, the most common form of lupus, is a chronic autoimmune disease that can cause severe fatigue and joint pain. Learn more about it Lupus nephritis assessment involves classifying disease pathology into six classes and renal pathology acute index (AI) and chronic index (CI). Defined by the International Society of Nephrology.

The Rheumatology Highlights Report Series is designed for the busy clinician and provides highlights from key scientific presentations and/or abstracts prese.. Lupus nephritis (LN) is defined as glomerular immune complex disease that occurs in patients who meet American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE is a systemic autoimmune disease, most commonly involving the skin, kidneys, joints, heart, and serosal surfaces. Women are affected more than men (9:1), and SLE is more common in African Americans Lupus erythematosus 1. LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS Dr. Deepak K. Gupta 2. LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS • Lupus erythematosus (LE) may be seen in one of two well-recognized forms • Systemic (acute) lupus erythematosus (SLE) - profound impact it has on many organs • Discoid (chronic) lupus erythematosus (DLE) - chronic and localised skin lesions - involving the bridge of nose an The exact patho-aetiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains elusive. An extremely complicated and multifactorial interaction among various genetic and environmental factors is probably involved. Multiple genes contribute to disease susceptibility. The interaction of sex, hormonal milieu, and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis modifies this susceptibility and the clinical. NIH Lupus Nephritis Activity and Chronicity Indices: A way to monitor response to treatment and disease progression. A semi-quantitative grading system of pathologic features on kidney biopsies allows for monitoring response to treatment and showing disease progression. Lupus nephritis disease activity can be assessed on a renal biopsy using.

Online Pathology Review

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) CD

Lupus - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multiorgan autoimmune disease of unknown etiology with many clinical manifestations. The skin is one of the target organs most variably affected by the disease. The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) established 11 criteria as a classificatory instrument to operationalise the definition of SLE in clinical trials What is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)? SLE's an autoimmune disease that can affect any tissue or organ in the body, but most often affects the skin, kid.. Lupus is a disease that causes episodes of inflammation and damage to many parts of the body, including the skin and organs. It is caused by both genes and environmental factors. Symptoms include a rash, fever, joint inflammation and pain, and sensitivity to the sun. Lupus can range from a mild disease to a life-threatening disease

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus DermNet N

A successful lupus treatment can result in re-growth of the hair. However, hair loss may become permanent if lupus caused lesions on your scalp. Skin Rash. Another typical early lupus symptom is the butterfly-shaped rash that appears on both cheeks and over the bridge of the nose. It can occur suddenly or appear after exposure to sunlight Lupus anticoagulant. 4.5 mL blood added to 0.5 mL citrate. Conventional coagulation specimen may not be suitable as the sample has to be first depleted of platelets before testing. Indicate this test clearly on the request form so that it can be processed differently by the laboratory (that is, either double spun or filtered prior to freezing) SLE is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the kidneys in about 50% of patients. Lupus nephritis is a major risk factor for overall morbidity and mortality in SLE, and despite potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive therapies still ends in CKD or ESRD for too many patients. This review highlights recent updates in our understanding of disease epidemiology, genetics, pathogenesis. Systemic Lupus Erythematosis by Jayakrishnan MP 8212 views. SLE by Omar Moatamed 47176 views. Systemic lupus erythematosus by faculty of nursin... 12587 views. Immunological Disorders by Razia Pukhraj 19936 views. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus by Discover Clinical... 21098 views Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease, with patient groups being very heterogeneous, likely reflecting a broad panel of mechanisms as cause of the pathology. One set of patients have elevated IFN-I responses

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Lupus erythematosus pathology Britannic

Video: Pathology Outlines - Lupus panniculiti

Relationship of lupus band test to disease severity in systemic lupus erythematosus The relationship between a positive LBT and the severity of renal disease in SLE is controversial. Some authors suggest a significant relationship between a positive LBT in non-lesional skin and renal pathology, with 70% of such patients having active nephritis. Lupus Basics. Lupus is a chronic, autoimmune disease that can damage any part of the body. Lupus is more common among women of childbearing age (ages 15 to 44 years). Lupus can affect almost any organ in your body, which can lead to a variety of different symptoms. Learn about some common symptoms of lupus

How Lupus Affects the Muscles, Tendons and Joints Lupus

What is Lupus? Lupus is a complex autoimmune disorder where the body's cells are attacked by one's own immune system. This leads to inflammation and damage to various body tissues. Lupus can affect many parts of the body including the joints, kidneys, skin, heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain. The organs that are affected are different for every person Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic skin condition of sores with inflammation and scarring favoring the face, ears, and scalp and at times on other body areas. These lesions develop as a red, inflamed patch with a scaling and crusty appearance. The center areas may appear lighter in color with a rim darker than the normal skin

In Autopsy and Medical Pathology, we are investigating a number of diseases that require special postmortem examinations. These include Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), and systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus, a common women's disease), as well as other disease processes The role of the female hormone estrogen in two predominantly female autoimmune diseases — multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus — is the focus of a recent review study, The Immune System Is a Natural Target for Estrogen Action: Opposing Effects of Estrogen in Two Prototypical Autoimmune Diseases. The study was published in the Frontiers in Immunology journal Lupus is a lifelong disorder of the immune system. Immune cells attack the body's own healthy tissues, leading to inflammation and tissue damage. Symptoms may be limited to the skin, but more. About this journal. The only fully peer reviewed international journal devoted exclusively to lupus (and related disease) research. Lupus includes the most promising new clinical and laboratory-based studies from leading specialists in all lupus-related disciplines. Invaluable reading, with extended coverage, lupus-related disciplines include: Rheumatology, Dermatology, Immunology, Obstetrics.

Lupus nephritis pathology prediction with clinical indice

Lupus: a short summary Pathology Studen

Lupus Foundation of America Announces 2013-2014 National Research Program Grantees (honoring Experimental Pathology Division Chief Laurence Morel, Ph.D.) October 23, 2013 Facult Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affects about 5 million people around the world.An autoimmune disease is a condition in which the body's immune system attacks healthy organs or tissues. The. Abstract. Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) testing is important for evaluating patients with antiphospholipid syndromes and hypercoagulable states. We reviewed results of proficiency testing challenges (n = 5) distributed by the North American Specialized Coagulation Laboratory Association to examine LAC testing performed by participating laboratories

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Lupus - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

Lupus nephritis is an inflammation of the kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease. It is a type of glomerulonephritis in which the glomeruli become inflamed. As the result of SLE, the cause of glomerulonephritis is said to be secondary and has a different pattern and outcome from conditions with a primary cause originating in the kidney Titers ≥ 1:160 usually indicate the presence of active SLE, although occasionally other autoimmune disease may induce these high titers. There are now known groups of ANA-negative lupus patients. Such patients often have antibodies to SS-A/Ro antigen (usually when a frozen section substrate is used) and subacute cutaneous lupus Drug-induced lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder caused by chronic use of certain drugs.These drugs cause an autoimmune response (the body attacks its own cells) producing symptoms similar to those of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). There are 38 known medications to cause DIL but there are three that report the highest number of cases: hydralazine, procainamide, and quinidine A Clear Direction. Dr. Laurance Morel is the Director of the Experimental Pathology division at UF's College of Medicine. Read More Now. Select Publications. Lupus resistance is associated with marginal zone abnormalities in an NZM murine model. Read More. Sometimes, it's Lupus. Fictional character Dr. House is famous for proclaiming It. Common Lupus Flare Triggers to Avoid. Lupus flares are not always predictable and can come on at seemingly the most random of times. However, there are a few things you can do to avoid certain triggers that may end up setting flares in motion

Pathology, classification and pathogenesis of lupus

Tube not filled to line. Clotted. grossly hemolyzed. Patient Preparation. Instructions. Aliquot and freeze plasma if testing cannot be completed within four hours of collection. Availability. Peformed Tues and Thurs on first shift. TAT. CPT Codes Pathology; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. gale. views updated May 21 2018. Systemic lupus erythematosus Definition. Systemic lupus erythematosus (also called lupus or SLE) is a disease in which a person's immune system attacks and injures the body's own organs and tissues. Almost every system of the body can be. Lupus Erythemaosus is an autoimmune disease and Type III hypersensitivity reaction. Lupus can affect skin surfaces, organs, joints, and serous membranes. a) Both statements are true b) The first statement is true and the second statement is false c) The first statement is false and the second statement is true d) Both statements are fals

(pathology) Any of a number of autoimmune diseases, the most common of which is systemic lupus erythematosus. 2015 January 21, Conan Visits Taco Bell (Conan)‎[1], Team Coco, 00:05:15 from the start: You like the name quesalupa? That is a little like case of lupus. I just keep thinking about that.··lupu Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can cause joint pain, fever, skin rashes and organ damage. There's currently no cure for lupus and it requires life-long management. Lupus is most commonly seen in women — typically between the ages of 15 and 45. Appointments & Access Non-lupus causes, ranging from fungal infections to thyroid disorders need to rule out, rather than simply assuming the hair loss is due to your lupus. Your rheumatologist may recognize your symptoms and be able to diagnose you based on your history, physical exam, and laboratory tests alone. Sometimes a biopsy (skin biopsy of the scalp) will. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes systemic, or widespread, inflammation. The disease can affect the skin, joints, and blood vessels, as well as multiple. The Pathology of Lupus Nephritis Melvin M. Schwartz Summary: An international working group of clinicians and pathologists met in 2003 under the auspices of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the Renal Pathology Society (RPS) to revise and update the 1982 and 1995 World Health Organization classification of lupus glomerulonephritis

pulmonary cystic malformations - Humpath

Un sitio de patología renal para disfrutar los hallazgos microscópicos de las enfermedades renales que afectan al hombre. Páginas relevantes en nefropatología, neoplasias renales, trasplante renal y mucho más. Welcome to the magic world of nephropathology, glomeruli, podocites, interstituim and so on in kidney pathology. Kidney disease, atlas and text Arial Arial Black Wingdings Glowing test tubes design template Systemic Lupus Erythematosus History LE Cell Genetic Associations Symptoms Skin Manifestations Renal (Kidney) Manifestations Other Manifestations Main Pathology Overactive B-cells T-cell Malfunctions T-cell Signal Transduction Activation of Complement System IgG Pathogen DNA is the. What is lupus? Lupus is an autoimmune inflammatory disease. This means that your immune system starts to attack your body instead of harmful germs. It is also called systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus is a lifelong disease that affects all parts of your body. Lupus has active and quiet periods Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) is a chronic inflammatory disease that can involve all organ systems [32] including skin, muscu-loskeletal system, blood vessels, and kidney. Notably, the involve-ment of disease activity in the kidney (lupus nephritis) is a severe manifestation [32]. The current lupus treatment is non-specific an Lupus is a difficult condition to live with and throws up many challenges, especially during periods of life when you may need more energy. Meeting others with lupus doesn't necessarily remove these challenges but it can help you to cope with them by sharing your thoughts and concerns with someone who understands

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ACR BEYOND LIVE—Among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), lupus nephritis remains one of the leading causes of mortality, and patients with both SLE and end-stage renal disease demonstrate standardized mortality ratios higher than 60 times that of patients with SLE who have normal kidney function. 1 Although the ACR Guidelines for Screening, Treatment, and Management of Lupus. We present a consensus report pertaining to the improved clarity of definitions and classification of glomerular lesions in lupus nephritis that derived from a meeting of 18 members of an international nephropathology working group in Leiden, Netherlands, in 2016. Here we report detailed recommendations on issues for which we can propose adjustments based on existing evidence and current. Lupus is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease.There are three common types of lupus. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is the most serious. SLE can affect almost any organ or system in the body including blood vessels, muscles, joints, the digestive tract, lungs, kidneys, heart and central nervous system June 3, 2021. June 3, 2021. / dentalstudentpathology. Selena Gomez has been battling lupus for several years. She's been open about her diagnosis (check out this ABC article in which Selena and other patients talk about what it is really like to have lupus). Several years ago, she underwent a kidney transplant for complications related to her. Repeated Social Stress Significantly Enhances Lupus Nephritis Pathology. To examine the effects of psychosocial stressors on chronic autoimmune-mediated inflammation, NZM2410/J mice were subjected to the SDR model as previously described (Avitsur et al., 2001) at 19-23 weeks of age; BUN levels and weights were monitored