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Tamil Ramayana written by

who wrote tamil ramayana - Brainly

Ramayana in Tamil literature - Wikipedi

Valmiki has competition from Hanuman who, Narad says, has written a better Ramayan. Quirky illustrations adapted from Mithila folk paintings tell their own story Some Issues and Explanations of the Ramayana (Tamil) By Maruthi Priyan. $16.00 . Sri Ramodhantam- Gist of Ramayana (Tamil) By V.P.Srinivasan. $12.00 . Ananda Ramayana (Tamil) Publisher GIRI TRADING AGENCY PVT LTD,CHENNAI. $47.00. FREE Delivery அங்கதனின் உதவி. ராமன் மற்றும் அனுமன் தொடுத்த போரில் தான் வெற்றி பெற வேண்டும் என்பதற்காக ராவணன் ஒரு யாகத்தை நடத்தினார்.எந்த.

The Ramayana written by Kambar came to be known as Kamba Ramayanam and that of Goswami Tulsidas, Ramcharitmanas. In the list of renditions of the epic, features the lesser-known work of P S.. Valmiki Ramayana gives us the following information regarding the Tamil customs :- A poet named Valmiki is in the 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature and serious scholars believe it is 'original' Valmiki! Like Tamil poets faced Holy North and starved to death as atonement, we have an incident in Valmiki Ramayana Ramayana was written by Valmiki. It contains 24 thousand slokas and is isolated into ten sections. As indicated by Valmiki himself, he needed to convey the embodiment of the exercises of the Vedas to the average folks by singing the ethical deeds of Ramachandra

Kamba Ramayana Ayodhya Kandam Detailed Version (Tamil)

One of the most popular reproductions of Ramayana has been Ramcharitmanas, written by Goswami Tulsidas. Ramcharitmanas, is composed by the 16 th century Indian bhakti poet Goswami Tulsidas. The word Ramcharitmanas means the lakes of the deeds of Rama. The entire story consists of poems in a mellifluous manner As per the statement by @Mayank Gupta if Ramayana and Mahabharata talks about some Kingdom then that's the oldest in India. That assumption is wrong. Tolkaapiyam is been written around 1st or 2nd century where Ramayana has been written in 5th cent.. Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic that was written by the Tamil poet Kambar during the 12th century. Based on Valmiki 's Ramayana (which is in Sanskrit), the story describes the life of King Rama of Ayodhya

The Kamba Ramayana (English and Tamil Edition): Kamban, P

Valmiki Ramayana in English. Indian Stamp in honour of Kambar. 5 April 1966. Kamba Ramayanam. Kavichakravati Kamban, 900AD. It is not easy to convince the literary world at this late hour of the day that there is, unsuspected by the greater part of it, a Tamil poet who is worthy to take rank with the greatest names in literature Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic that was written by the Tamil poet Kambar during the 12th century. Based on Valmiki's Ramayana (which is in Sanskrit), the.. (Ramayana) I had concluded that it was the full moon day of either the month of Margasirsh (Maarkazi in Tamil) or Paush (Thai in Tamil)of the last year of exile (5076 BCE). However, I had no means to verify whether a lunar eclipse had actually occurred about 7000 years or not You can read the translated kamba ramayanam in Android's best tamil reader app. Kamba Ramayana is not a verbal translation of the Sanskrit epic by Valmiki, but a retelling of the story of Lord Rama.. There are diverse regional versions of the Ramayana written by various authors in India. Some of them differ significantly from each other. During the 12th century, Kamban wrote Ramavataram, known popularly as Kambaramayanam in Tamil. A Telugu version, Ranganatha Ramayanam, was written by Gona Budda Reddy in the 14th century

Snippets From Kurukshetra War In Mahabharata- I

Ramayana written in Tamil based on the original version by Valmik When we search for works of Valmiki in Tamil, we find that the 358th poem in Purananuru is by Valmiki [Factually it is mentioned as Vanmiki.But in Tamil letters 'l' and 'n' are interchangeable] . In writing the history of the poets of Purananuru, Dr.U.V.Swaminatha Iyer, considered as Grand father of Tamil, records that a Poet named Valmiki lived during the 1st Sangam period Tamil Short Stories - Ramayanam story in tamil - Hanuman Meets RamaWhen one thinks of loyalty, devotion, self-sacrifice and friendship, the first character. Written by London swaminathan Uploaded at London time 21-10 GMT Lord Rama's Birth Day - Sri Rama Navami- falls on 28 th March 2015. Some decades ago all children were taught by their parents or grandparents a simple Ramayana hymn

Rajaji's Tamil version of Ramayanam called as the Chakravarthi Thirumagan - சக்கரவர்த்தித் திருமகன் and the Tamil version of Mahabaratham called the Vyasar Virundhu - வியாசர் விருந்து - is a widely popular edition written in Tamil which is published by Vanathi Pathippagam

Story of Kamban Writing Tamil Kamba Ramayana

What is more, in Silapathikaram, supposedly written by a Jain monk, Illango Adigal, Ramayana runs as a subtle thread. So, when Kovalan, the hero, had to leave the city of Pukhar along with his. The Ramayana was composed in Sanskrit, probably not before 300 bce, by the poet Valmiki and in its present form consists of some 24,000 couplets divided into seven books The Kamba Ramayana is not a translation of the original epic written in Sanskrit by Valmiki, rather it's a retelling of the legend of Lord Rama with little twists here and there to suit the Tamil sensitivities

Ramayana - Wikipedi

Hanuman's Ramayan/Hanumanin Ramayanam (Tamil

  1. Kamba Ramayanam [Full text with commentary] - கம்ப ராமாயணம், மூலமும் உரையும் [முழுவதும்]. by tamilvu.org. Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics tamil, kampar, kambar, ramayanam, kamban,.
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  3. Ramayana, considered part of Hindu Smriti, was written originally in Sanskrit by Sage Valmiki (3000 BC). Contained in 24,000 verses, this epic narrates Lord Ram of Ayodhya and his ayan (journey of life)
  4. Ramayana. by. Vālmīki, C. Rajagopalachari. 4.14 · Rating details · 9,209 ratings · 410 reviews. Ramayana is one of the greatest epics of Hindu Religion.The author captures the pathos and beauty of Valmiki's magic in inimatable manner.Written in homely style,the work is striking in originality and beauty of expression

The present work 'Pure Gems of Ramayanam' is an English translation of his 'Ramayana Th oomanigal' in Tamil, the second book written by him. It is a research work on the twelve characters of Valmiki Ramayanam Download Tamil Ramayanam in PDF format View attachment Tamil-Ramayanam.pdf . Last edited: Feb 7, 2011. S. santhipy Newbie. Joined Oct 6, 2010 Messages 1 I have one doubt whether we can read sundarakandam in tamil written by kambar is ok. And also which one should be read the songs or the explanation of the songs . T. tonycraft Newbie. The Ramayana In Telugu And Tamil A Comparative Study Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Reddit. Share to Tumblr. Share to Pinterest. Share via email. Ramayanas available in Telugu and Tamil, written by earlier poets,. The reason behind highlighting Tamil language is that not as I am a Tamilian but that Tamil is as old as Sanskrit (as per the historical record proofs) and it is still used in some parts of the world.. My question may be a assumption but is it possible that people during the Ramayana and Mahabharata periods used Tamil as their language Sri Ram Charita Manas (the Ramayana of Goswami Tulasidas) is an epic Indian poem, composed by the 16th-century Indian poet, Goswami Tulsidas. It enjoys a unique place among the classics of the world's literature. It was considered to be the best work on Devotion by Mahatma Gandhi.It is universally accepted by all classes of people from Bihar to Punjab and from the Himalayas to the Narmada

ஸ்ரீமத் வால்மீகி ராமாயணம்: The Complete Valmiki Ramayana

  1. Kamba Ramayanam In Tamil Sundara Kandam. The son of a temple drummer, Kamban is reputed to have had an impressive mastery of Tamil and Sanskrit classics. Fascinated by the lore of Ramayana, he immersed himself totally in it. Though Kamban acknowledges his indebtedness to the Sanskrit version of the Ramayana by Valmiki, his is an independent.
  2. Kamba Ramayanam was written in the 12th century AD by the great Tamil poet Kamban. Valmiki Ramayanam was written by Valmiki and the date of composition is not clearly known, but the entire compilation might have got over during the 1st century AD. Kamba Ramayanam differs in many ways from the original Ramayanam of Valmiki including in its.
  3. Attempting a translation from Sanskrit to English of Valmiki Ramayana. Original Sankrit verses along with English translation is provided. This page contains frames
  4. Ramayana Rama with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmanaduring exile in forest, manuscript, ca. 1780. Information Religion Hinduism Verses 24000 The Ramayana (/rɑːˈmɑːjənə/;[1] Sanskrit:रामायणम्, Rāmāyaṇam, pronounced [rɑːˈmɑːjəɳəm]) is an ancient Indian epic poemwhich narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king.
  5. Do Tamils view the Hindi Ramayana serial? A2A. I don't know about the current generation, nor can I talk for all Tamils. But the fact is when the original Ramayan (1987 TV series) was telecast every Sunday morning in the DoorDharsan, the only avai..
  6. Namaste !! Please take a moment to spread this valuable treasure of our Sanatana Dharma among your relatives and friends. We are preparing this website as a big library of Stotras, Veda Suktas and Puja Vidhis without any print mistakes

The Jain Ramayana, Vimalasuri's Taumacharyam written in Prakrit, has Ravana, a devout Jain monk, as its protagonist. Neither the Tamil text, Ranganatharamayana , nor the Marathi text, Tampa. He has written various genre of books are short story, short novel, long novel, science-fiction, poetry, essay and drama script. He has also worked as a story and dialogue writer in Tamil cinema. The utopianism he wielded in fiction brought him great fame

Ramayana Untold Stories In Tamil: ராமாயணத்தில் நீங்கள்

  1. In Tamil Nadu, it is the most popular Tamil Kamba Ramayana written by poet Kamban in the 12th century. In Kerala, it is the Malayalam Adhyatma Ramayanam Kilipattu written by Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century
  2. Kamba Ramayanam The original version of Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki. This epic of 24,000 verses of a Raghuvamsa prince, Rama of Ayodhya, whose wife Sita is abducted by Ravana, a mighty emperor. In Hinduism Rama is the Seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, one of the Hindu holy trinity (Brahma and Shiva completing the trinity)
  3. Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamilepic that was written by the Tamil poet Kambar during the 12th century.Based on Valmiki's Ramayana (which is in Sanskrit), the story describes the life of King Rama of Ayodhya. However, Ramavatharam is different from the Sanskrit original in many aspects - both in spiritual concepts and in the specifics of the storyline. [1
  4. Kambar, Tamil. Kambar ( Kamban in casual address) ( Tamil: கம்பர்) (c. 1180, Tiruvaluntur, Tanjore district, India - 1250) was a medieval Tamil poet and the author of the Tamil Ramayanam Ramavatharam, popularly known as Kambaramayanam, the Tamil version of Ramayana. Kambar also authored other literary works in Tamil such as.
  5. Srirangam, where Kambar is believed to have first read the epic Ramawataram, popularly known as Kambah Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic written by the Tamil poet Kambar in the 12th century. Based on Ramayana Valmiki (which is in Sanskrit), the story describes the life of King Rama Ayodhi
  6. In south India, for instance, the Ramayana of Kamban, written in Tamil in the eleventh century, prevails; in north India, the Ramayana of Tulsidas, called the Ramacaritmanas, has become legendary. Even among the Hindus living in far-flung places of the Indian diaspora, such as Fiji and Trinidad, the Ramacaritmanas is the devotional text of.
  7. The Ramavataram: Written by the legendary Tamil poet Kambar under the patronage of the Pannai kula chieftain Thiruvennal Nallur Sadayappa Vallal, the epic work is based on Valmiki's work, but differs in specific incidents in the storyline and spiritual aspects. This is mainly because when in Valmiki's version, Rama is a mortal prince.

who wrote ramayana in tamil The Ramayana is the epic tale of Shri Rama, which teaches about ideology, devotion, duty, dharma and karma. The word 'Ramayana', literally means the march (ayana) of Rama in search of human values. Written by the great sage Valmiki, the Ramayana is referred to as the Adi Kavya or original epic Ramayana was such an inspiring epic that it was created in many other Indian languages. One of the most famous works is Kamba Ramayana written by Tamil poet, Kambar. During These Times of Stress and Uncertainty Your Doshas May Be Unbalanced Ramayana speaks about the Raksasa kingdom of Sri Lanka and its capital Lankapura, which it describes as a well-planned and prosperous city. Ramayana says that the people who lived in it were highly civilized. Ramayana adds that the Raksasa kingdom situated in the central highlands of Sri Lanka was established by Kubera. His step- brother Ravana later took it over The North Indian Hinduism is much influenced by Monotheistic Islam as they have been in constant interactions and cultural exchanges for almost 1.5 millennia. North Indians are more related to their Pakistani counterparts than they are to South In..

Ramayana Retold: How This Word For Word Tamil Translation

Originally written in 12th century in Tamil by the son of a drummer of a temple, whose name was Kamban, and who had a good mastery over Tamil and Sanskrit. The two versions of Ramayana one written in Tamil by Kamban and the other written in Sanskrit by Valmiki are state of the art respectively but though the theme of the epic remains the same. The original version of Ramayana was written by Valmiki. It is an epic of 24,000 verses which depicts the journey of Rama , a prince of Ayodhya who belonged to Raghuvamsa (Solar dynasty) Ramayana, shorter of the two great epic poems of India, the other being the Mahabharata. The Ramayana was composed in Sanskrit, probably not before 300 BCE, by the poet Valmiki and in its present form consists of some 24,000 couplets divided into seven books Epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent, traditionally called Kavya . The Ramayana and the Mahabharata, which were originally composed in Sanskrit and later translated into many other Indian languages, and The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature and Sangam literature are some of the oldest surviving epic poems ever written Chennai: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister 'Edappadi' K Palaniswami along with ministers during the swearing-in ceremony at Raj Bhavan in Chennai on Thursday. PTI Photo R Senthil Kumar(PTI2_16_2017_000191B) Web Title: Cm edappadi palanisamy spoke ramayana written by sekkizhar

TERMING AS unfortunate the linking of Ramayana with the name of Guru Gobind Singh, the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) Tuesday said it has hurt the Sikh sentiments. SGPC chief secretary advocate Harjinder Singh Dhami, in a press statement, said, Sri Guru Gobind Singh, the. written in Tamil language, than to Valmiki's Ramayana's. The Ramayanafound at Batu Cave also belonged to the Tamils. Nevertheless, the study on its comparison to RamayanaThai has never been conducted. The objective of this research was to analyze the plot of . Ramayana, told with the statues and the narration in Tamil and to compare t The screenplay is written by Sridhar Raghavan. Mantena, who backed films such as Ghajini, Lootera, Queen and Udta Punjab in the past, has joined hands with producers Allu Aravind and Namit Malhotra to bring the adaptation to the big screen. We are trying to tell 'Ramayana' for posterity Ramayana used the simile of Indra Dwaja in many places. Bringing down Indra Dwaja (flag)on the last day of the festival was a ritual used very often by Valmiki. 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature refers to Indra (Pura Nanuru 182 and 241, Ainkuru. 62, Tirumurugu. 155-59 ) and Amruta (ambrosia of Indraloka) in a lot of places

Rama and Hanuman fighting Ravana, an album painting on paper from Tamil Nadu, in 1820. Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic that was written by the Tamil poet Kambar during the 12th century. Based on Valmiki's Ramayana (which is in Sanskrit), the story describes the life of King Rama of Ayodhya Ramayana full length PDF Ebook. Posted on| July 19, 2010| 88 Comments. The Ramayana is an ancient Hindu text about Rama, an incarnation of the God Vishnu.It tells the story of the righteous prince.. Ramayanam Tamil Book. 10/20/2020 0 Comments Quirky illustrations adapted from Mithila folk paintings tell their own story.The sage Narad tells him that there is a better Ramayan, written by Hanuman.Valmiki is devastated As the story of Hanumans Ramayan unfolds, humorously and gently, so does the idea that there is no one version of the well. The Poetry of the Alvars and the Commentaries of Periyavaccan Pillai. Vasudha Narayanan Department of Religion University of Florida [Originally appeared in the Journal of Vaisnava Studies, vol 2, no 4, Fall 1994.]. The figure of Rama and several episodes from the Ramayana are prominent in the poems of the Tamil mystics (), as well as in the devotional meditations and theological arguments of. Tamil 1941 Ramayanam Uttara Kandam: Manmatha Nath Dutt Itihasam English 1894 - Ratna Pareeksha: P B Annangarachariar Swami Sampradhayam Lipi - - Samasyamanokti Saushtava Vimarsam: P B Annangarachariar Swami Sampradhayam Sanskrit 1938 - Sandhyavandanam: Jeeyar Educational Trust Kramam Telugu 2001.

Eka Sloki Ramayanam or Ek Shloki Ramayana Ek Shloki Ramayana. The Eka Sloki Ramayanam or Ek Shloki Ramayana or Ek Shloki Ramayana is a single sloka that entails the entire literature called Ramayanam (also spelled as Ramayana).. The Eka Sloki Ramayanam or Ek Shloki Ramayana or Ek Shloki Ramayana describes the entire Ramayanam which contains saptha kandha (7 Chapters) in one single stanza Ramayana has been written in Urdu as well as Nepalese. The Japanese have produced a film on Ramayana. Ananda Ramayana is credited to Sage Valmiki but it has not received much attention from scholars. Chanting of the Ananda Ramayana shloka is pure bliss as every hymn ends with a Rama Rama Choose the path of righteousness - Vibhishana, younger brother of Ravana chose to not support his sibling in the war against Ram. He knew his brother had committed a sin by abducted someone—a married lady. Remain humble no matter how powerful you become - Hanuman could have easily rescued Sita from Ravana's Ashoka Vatika. He had the power to single-handedly fight against Ravana's army Kamban is the author of the Tamil version of Ramayana - Iramavataram (The Avatar of Rama). The Telugu version of Ramayana, Ranganatha Ramayanam was written by Gona Budda Reddy. Krittvasi Ramayana is the Bengali version of Ramayana written by Krittibas Ojha. Ramcharit Manas was written by Tulsidas in Awadhi (a Hindi dialect) The Kannassa Ramayanam written by Niranam Rama Panicker in the 16th century, Adhyathmaramayanam Kilippattu written by Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century (The most popular one) and Mappila Ramayanam. among the Muslims. Maharashtra - The Marathi Bhavartha Ramayana written by Sant Eknath in the 16th century. There is also a reference.

Aug 30, 2017 - Kamba Ramayanam Free Download Tamil Pdf Stories 3c092786bf the search for wondla ebook download rey lear nicanor parra pdf download. Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam, is a Tamil epic that was written by the Tamil poet Kambar during the 12th century Courtesy: Sri.PR.Ramachander Without any doubt whatsoever , the story of Rama was popularized by the Ramayana written by Valmiki. This has been translated in to almost all the main languages in India. Kamban (who is supposed to have lived between 1180-1250 AD) one of the greatest poets of Tamil Nadu translated it in to Tamil 'Ramayan am' the Tamil version of the great epic Ramayana was made by (a) Kamban (b) Avvaiyar (c) Ilango Vadigal (d) None of thes Every aksharam in Ramayanam is considered holy. It has the power to dissolve all the sins and bestow happiness in this and other worlds. Valmiki Ramayanam (24,000 slokas), Ananda Ramayanam (12,252 slokas), Adyatma Ramayanam etc. are all said to be part of the Satakoti Ramayanam. Ananda Ramayanam was written by Sri Valmiki himself

Tamil Information from Valmiki Ramayana (Post No

Nama Ramayanam. From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia. Jump to: navigation. , search. Translated by P.R.Ramachander. Reading Ramayana daily and meditating on the name of ' Rama ' brings a person closer to self-realization and God and thus absolves one of all of his sins. Nama Ramayana is the story of Rama written for this purpose Also Ramayana is propagated by south cholas in all south east asia countries is a very powerful evidence that it was their text, legacy, their kings & story. all South east asia countries have writings only in Tamil & Sanskrit, no other indian language !! for eg., Angor Vat (vattaram) greatest temple in Bali includes detailed inscriptions in. The author of this book C. Rajagopalachari mostly follows the Valmiki Ramayana giving some references to the Ramayana written by Kamban (Tamil) as well in between. There are some chapters which, I felt, were rushed and could do better with a little more explanation. Although I have some issues with the translation and a few spelling and. Ramayana Retold by C Rajagopalachari is a very popular condensed version of the Epic Ramayan. Written in simple English, the book narrates all the important incidents in the Ramayana in nutshell. The American Gita society is offering the Ramayana Retold by C Rajagopalachari in pdf format

Who wrote the Ramayana and Mahabharatha? - Quor

Except for a few words joining phrases, all the words in this treatise are from Pasurams. It is believed that reciting of this Ramayana gives the devotee, the effect of reading Ramayana in full as well as reading all Pasurams. This work is written by one of the greatest Tamil scholars that Vaishnavism has ever produced The Ramayana is undoubtedly the most popular and timeless Indian epic, read and loved by all. The term Ramayana literally means the march (ayana) of Rama in search of human values.The story is the narration of the struggle of Prince Rama to rescue wife Sita from the demon king, Ravana. As a literary work, it has been said to combine the inner bliss of Vedic literature with the outer.

Difference Between Valmiki Ramayana and Tulsidas

When we say Tamil is the oldest language of India and

The Ramayana, the older of the two major Sanskrit poems (the Mahabharata being the other) is a 50,000 line poem written by Sage Valmiki. The poem is separated into 7 different sections which are called khands.Rama becomes king of the solar race and reigns at Ayodhya. Rama is the seventh incarnation of Vishnu. King Dasaratha was childless until the gods saw his devotion to his kingdom and gave. The story of the Ravanayana has never been told. Asura is the epic tale of the vanquished Asura people, a story that has been cherished by the oppressed castes of India for 3000 years. Until now, no Asura has dared to tell the tale. But perhaps the time has come for the dead and the defeated to speak Over 2,000 years ago, roughly when Ramayana and Mahabharata and even Dharmasutras were being composed in North India, Tamil lands saw the composition of poems about love and longing (the inner or akam poetry) and about war (the outer or puram poetry)

The holy Ramayana, a masterpiece in Sanskrit classics of the great sage Valmiki, the Adi-kavi, is the first and foremost specimen of exquisite poetry. There are other Ramayanas viz. Adhyatma Ramayana, Anand Ramayana, Maha-Ramayana, Adbhuta Ramayana, Ramcharitmana Working on 'Ramayana' trilogy for a global audience: Mantena. Producer Madhu Mantena is working on an ambitious, three-part retelling of Ramayana from Valmiki's standpoint and he is confident that. Chinese Harvard PhD student Yang Qu Learning Tamil to Read Kamban's Ramayana. Aparna Sridhar February 24, 2021. Abhinav Seetharaman co-founded a Spoken Sanskrit channel in 2016 along with his Chinese classmate and friend Yang Qu (then at Columbia, now pursuing his PhD in Sanskrit and Tamil literature at Harvard)

Vikramaditya - Wikiwand

Ramayana Lyrics is a new Hindi Hip-hop song, sung and it's composed by Akshay The One.Ramayana Song Lyrics is written by Sanjna Krishnan & Rohan Shetty. This song is officially published by BGBNG Music on their YouTube channel and various music streaming platform Director Mani Ratnam's Raavan (Ravanan in Tamil) will turn 11 tomorrow, June 18. Let us take a look at how the filmmaker adapted Ramayana and how the film faced protests in Ravan's land, Sri Lanka. In 2010, director Mani Ratnam released Raavan (Ravanan in Tamil) which features an ensemble cast. The general spirit of India was most vividly reflected in the Ramayana. Mahatma Gandhi. Quoted in 'Rama and Ayodhya' written by Meenakshi Jain. Quoted from ; References to the story of Rama occur in the earliest part of the Sangama literature of Tamil Nadu, dating back to a period almost as old as the Ramayana of Valmiki

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